Steven L. Sauter

Steven Sauter has had a remarkable and unique impact on the field of occupational safety and health through his tireless and dedicated efforts to integrate the behavioral sciences into the mainstream of research and practice aimed at reducing injury and promoting worker well being.

Dr. Sauter was the NIOSH chair of the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) Organization of Work Team during the first ten years of NORA, and was the principle force behind the development of a national organization of work research agenda and the growth in the prominence of organization of work in the occupational health research community.

He has always had a strong appreciation of the full cycle of research, from exploratory and etiologic research to implementation and evaluation of practical solutions in the workplace. He has overseen a coordinated program of research on organization of work and musculoskeletal disorders for the past 14 years, which has had demonstrable effects on reducing risks to workers. For example, his first project in NIOSH was a study of rest break scheduling in "light, repetitive work." After conducting controlled laboratory studies, the results were used as a basis for a series of frequent rest break interventions conducted at the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) sites which demonstrated the ease of application of the rest break intervention as well as its effectiveness. The frequent rest schedule was subsequently adopted by the IRS sites where it had been tested.

Dr. Sauter has edited several influential books, many of which are used as textbooks in universities in both the U.S. and Europe. He is a visionary in the work organization field, with a gift for identifying emerging issues of importance such as long hours of work and health disparities. He also has made great contributions through leadership in developing and promoting occupational health psychology as an academic discipline and applied research field. His collaboration with the American Psychological Association (APA) resulted in the creation of a new specialty within Psychology to meet the growing demands for a national reservoir of researchers and practitioners able to address organization of work issues. In addition, he promoted the formation of the Society for Occupational Health Psychology that was recently chartered through Portland State University, and has worked with the international community to foster coordination with sister organizations. As a result of these efforts, five international NIOSH/APA conferences have taken place since 1990. Through collaboration with APA, he also founded the Journal of Occupational Psychology.

During his career, Dr. Sauter's research activities have impacted workplaces and workers alike. He is presented with the Keogh Award for his exemplary accomplishments, impact, and influence.

Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention



Becker, A. B., Swanson, N. G., Sauter, S. L., & Galinsky, T. L. (1995, October). Compatibility of job rotation subtasks in data entry work. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 39, No. 14, pp. 965-965). Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications. Retrieved from

Bernard, B., Sauter, S. L., Fine, L. J., Petersen, M. R., & Hales, T. (1992). Psychosocial and work organization risk factors for cumulative trauma disorders in the hands and wrists of newspaper employees. Scand J Work Environ Health18(2), 119-120. Retrieved from

Chapman, L. J., Sauter, S. L., Henning, R. A., Levine, R. L., Matthews, C. G., & Peters, H. A. (1991). Finger tremor after carbon disulfide-based pesticide exposures. Archives of neurology48(8), 866-870. Retrieved from

Chapman, L. J., Sauter, S. L., Henning, R. A., Dodson, V. N., Reddan, W. G., & Matthews, C. G. (1990). Differences in frequency of finger tremor in otherwise asymptomatic mercury workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine47(12), 838-843. Retrieved from

Cole, L. L., Grubb, P. L., Sauter, S. L., Swanson, N. G., & Lawless, P. (1997). Psychosocial correlates of harassment, threats and fear of violence in the workplace. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 450-457. Retrieved from

 Galavotti, C., Saltzman, L., & Sauter, S. (1997). Behavioral science activities at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: A selected overview of exemplary programs. American. Retrieved from

Galinsky, T. L., Swanson, N. G., Sauter, S. L., Hurrell, J. J., & Schleifer, L. M. (2000). A field study of supplementary rest breaks for data-entry operators. Ergonomics43(5), 622-638. Retrieved from

Gottlieb, M., Sauter, S., Rohrer, K., & Dodson, V. (1999). The Well-Being of Video Display Terminal Users: An Exploratory Study. Retrieved from

Hales, T., Sauter, S., Peterson, M., & Fine, L. (1994). Musculoskeletal disorders among visual display terminal users in a telecommunications company. Ergonomics. Retrieved from

Henning, R., Sauter, S., Salvendy, G., & Jr, E. K. (1989). Microbreak length, performance, and stress in a data entry task. Ergonomics. Retrieved from

Henning, R., Krieg, E., & Sauter, S. (1988). Effects of Social Interaction on Performance and Mood State during Computer-Based Data Entry Work. Proceedings of the Human. Retrieved from

Henning, R., & Sauter, S. (1996). Work-physiological synchronization as a determinant of performance in repetitive computer work. Biological Psychology. Retrieved from

Henning, R., Sauter, S., & Krieg, E. (1992). Work rhythm and physiological rhythms in repetitive computer work: Effects of synchronization on well‐being. International Journal of Human‐. Retrieved from

Jr, J. H., & Sauter, S. (2013). JOB STRESS PREVENTION. Improving Employee Health and Well. Retrieved from

Leka, S., & Sauter, S. (n.d.). Psychosocial Factors and Workers’ Health and Safety. Retrieved from

Levi, L., Sauter, S., & Shimomitsu, T. (1999). Work-related stress—it’s time to act. Journal of Occupational Health. Retrieved from

Murphy, L., Jr, J. H., Sauter, S., & Keita, G. (1995). Job stress interventions. Retrieved from

Murphy, L., & Sauter, S. (2003). The USA perspective: Current issues and trends in the management of work stress. Australian Psychologist. Retrieved from

Rossi, A. M., Perrewe, P. L., & Sauter, S. L. (2006). Stress and quality of working life: Current perspectives in occupational health. IAP. Retrieved from

Sauter, S. (1991). Job stress and human‐computer interaction. Retrieved from

Sauter, S. (2005). CHAPTER ONE An ecological model of musculoskeletal disorders in office work† STEVEN L. SAUTER and NAOMI G. SWANSON. Aspects Of Musculoskeletal Disorders In Office …. Retrieved from

Sauter, S. (2013). Integrative approaches to safeguarding the health and safety of workers. Industrial Health. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Brightwell, W., & Colligan, M. (2002). The changing organization of work and the safety and health of working people. : National Institute for …. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Chapman, L., & Knutson, S. (1995). Improving VDT work: causes and control of health concerns in VDT use. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Gottlieb, M., & Jones, K. (1982). A systems analysis of stress-strain in VDT operation. Of the 1982 Conference on Human …. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Gottlieb, M., Jones, K., & Dodson, V. (1983). Job and health implications of VDT use: initial results of the Wisconsin-NIOSH study. Communications of the. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Jr, J. H., Fox, H., & Tetrick, L. (1999). Occupational health psychology: an emerging discipline. Industrial Health. Retrieved from

Sauter, S. L., Hurrel Jr, J. J., Fox, H. R., Tetrick, L. E., & Barling, J. (1999). Occupational health psychology: An emerging discipline. Industrial Health37(2), 199-211. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., & Jr, J. H. (1999). Occupational health psychology: origins, context, and direction. Professional Psychology: Research and. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Jr, J. H., Murphy, L., & Levi, L. (n.d.). Chapitre 34-Les facteurs psychosociaux et organisationnelles. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., & Murphy, L. (2003). Monitoring the changing organization of work: international practices and new developments in the United States. Sozial-Und Präventivmedizin. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., & Murphy, L. (1995). Organizational risk factors for job stress. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., & Murphy, L. (1995). The changing face of work and stress. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., & Murphy, L. (2004). Work organization interventions: state of knowledge and future directions. Sozial-Und Präventivmedizin. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Murphy, L., & Hurrell, J. (1990). Prevention of work-related psychological disorders: A national strategy proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). American Psychologist. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Murphy, L., & Hurrell, J. (1992). Prevention of work-related psychological disorders: A national strategy proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Murphy, L., Hurrell, J., & Levi, L. (1998). Psychosocial and organizational factors. Encyclopaedia of Occupational. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Schleifer, L., & Knutson, S. (1991). Work posture, workstation design, and musculoskeletal discomfort in a VDT data entry task. Human Factors: The Journal. Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Swanson, N., Waters, T., & Hales, T. (n.d.). Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods. Retrieved from

Schleifer, L., & Sauter, S. (1985). Controlling glare problems in the VDT work environment. Library Hi Tech. Retrieved from

Schleifer, L., & Sauter, S. (1987). A questionnaire survey to assess ratings of physical workplace conditions, somatic discomfort, and work inefficiency among VDT users. Ergonomics and Human Factors. Retrieved from

Schleifer, L., Sauter, S., & Smith, R. (1990). Ergonomic predictors of visual system complaints in VDT data entry work. Behaviour & Information. Retrieved from

Swanson, N., & Sauter, S. (1990). Current evidence regarding the design of rest breaks for video display terminal work. Proceedings of the 18th Annual ACM. Retrieved from

Tausig, M., Fenwick, R., & Sauter, S. (2004). The changing nature of job stress: Risk and resources. In Occupational Stress …. Retrieved from

 Swanson, N. G., Galinsky, T. L., Cole, L. L., Pan, C. S., & Sauter, S. L. (1997). The impact of keyboard design on comfort and productivity in a text-entry task. Applied ergonomics28(1), 9-16.Retrieved from

Sauter, S., Murphy, L., Colligan, M., Swanson, N., Hurrell, J., Scharf, F., ... & Johnston, J. (2009). Stress… at Work (NIOSH). DHHS (NIOS–)-CDC, Cincinnati. Retrieved from

Caruso, C. C., Bushnell, T., Eggerth, D., Heitmann, A., Kojola, B., Newman, K., ... & Vila, B. (2006). Long working hours, safety, and health: toward a National Research Agenda. American journal of industrial medicine49(11), 930-942. Retrieved from

Nakata, A., Takahashi, M., Iwasaki, K., Swanson, N. G., & Sauter, S. L. (2006). The first NIIH-NIOSH symposium on long working hours: summary. INDUSTRIAL HEALTH-KAWASAKI-44(4), 529. Retrieved from

Quick, J. C., Camara, W. J., Hurrell Jr, J. J., Johnson, J. V., Piotrkowski, C. S., Sauter, S. L., & Spielberger, C. D. (1997). Introduction and historical overview. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology2(1), 3. Retrieved from

Huang, G. D., Feuerstein, M., & Sauter, S. L. (2002). Occupational stress and work‐related upper extremity disorders: Concepts and models. American journal of industrial medicine41(5), 298-314. Retrieved from

Peters, H. A., Levine, R. L., Matthews, C. G., Sauter, S. L., & Rankin, J. H. (1982). Carbon disulfide‐induced neuropsychiatric changes in grain storage workers. American journal of industrial medicine3(4), 373-391. Retrieved from

Grosch, J. W., Caruso, C. C., Rosa, R. R., & Sauter, S. L. (2006). Long hours of work in the US: associations with demographic and organizational characteristics, psychosocial working conditions, and health. American journal of industrial medicine49(11), 943-952. Retrieved from

Iavicoli, S., Cesana, G., Dollard, M., Leka, S., & Sauter, S. L. (2015). Psychosocial Factors and Workers’ Health and Safety. BioMed research international2015. Retrieved from

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